Go back to the enewsletter Air Tahiti Nui has prev

first_imgGo back to the enewsletterAir Tahiti Nui has previewed the first of its Boeing 787-9 Dreamliner aircraft at the North Charleston, South Carolina, USA, paint workshop, registered with the letters MUA, meaning “moving forward” in Tahitian.With a design and colours inspired by the beauty and richness of the Polynesian islands, the livery features Air Tahiti Nui’s trademark tiare flower, a tattoo pattern representing a story of Tahiti and its people, and the blue hues that the islands are synonymous with.Australians and New Zealanders are set to be among the first to be carried to their dream destination on the wings of the Tahitian Dreamliner with the new aircraft commencing service on the Auckland to Papeete route on 8 November 2018.To coincide with Air Tahiti Nui’s 20th anniversary this year, the flag carrier for French Polynesia is phasing out its current Airbus A340-300 fleet and replacing it with four 787-9 Dreamliners including two purchased and two leased through the Air Lease Corporation.When the airline has received all four Dreamliners by September 2019, their registration codes will join together to say ‘the warrior (TOA) going forward (MUA) in the great (NUI) canoe (VAA)’.Images supplied by Boeing.Go back to the enewsletterlast_img read more

Scientists Find Imprint of Universe That Existed Before the Big Bang

This story ran on 1 April 2014 and is an April Fools’ joke. Enjoy!WASHINGTON, D.C.—Cosmologists sifting data from a landmark gravitational wave study have reconstructed a snapshot of our universe in the moments preceding the big bang. The controversial view has posed a fresh enigma—and ignited a firestorm of controversy.“It’s not every day that you wake up and find out what happened before the big bang,” says John Blutarsky, a cosmologist at Jersey University in Hoboken. Yet some physicists are skeptical. “It’s one thing to talk about concrete concepts, such as dimensions too small to be detected and atomic-scale black holes,” says Barbara Jansen, a string theorist at Idaho State University in Pocatello. “But to speculate about a time before time? Get real.” Country * Afghanistan Aland Islands Albania Algeria Andorra Angola Anguilla Antarctica Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bermuda Bhutan Bolivia, Plurinational State of Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana Bouvet Island Brazil British Indian Ocean Territory Brunei Darussalam Bulgaria Burkina Faso Burundi Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cape Verde Cayman Islands Central African Republic Chad Chile China Christmas Island Cocos (Keeling) Islands Colombia Comoros Congo Congo, the Democratic Republic of the Cook Islands Costa Rica Cote d’Ivoire Croatia Cuba Curaçao Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Djibouti Dominica Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Falkland Islands (Malvinas) Faroe Islands Fiji Finland France French Guiana French Polynesia French Southern Territories Gabon Gambia Georgia Germany Ghana Gibraltar Greece Greenland Grenada Guadeloupe Guatemala Guernsey Guinea Guinea-Bissau Guyana Haiti Heard Island and McDonald Islands Holy See (Vatican City State) Honduras Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran, Islamic Republic of Iraq Ireland Isle of Man Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Jersey Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Korea, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Republic of Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Lao People’s Democratic Republic Latvia Lebanon Lesotho Liberia Libyan Arab Jamahiriya Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Macao Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Martinique Mauritania Mauritius Mayotte Mexico Moldova, Republic of Monaco Mongolia Montenegro Montserrat Morocco Mozambique Myanmar Namibia Nauru Nepal Netherlands New Caledonia New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Niue Norfolk Island Norway Oman Pakistan Palestine Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Pitcairn Poland Portugal Qatar Reunion Romania Russian Federation Rwanda Saint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Lucia Saint Martin (French part) Saint Pierre and Miquelon Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa San Marino Sao Tome and Principe Saudi Arabia Senegal Serbia Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore Sint Maarten (Dutch part) Slovakia Slovenia Solomon Islands Somalia South Africa South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands South Sudan Spain Sri Lanka Sudan Suriname Svalbard and Jan Mayen Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syrian Arab Republic Taiwan Tajikistan Tanzania, United Republic of Thailand Timor-Leste Togo Tokelau Tonga Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Turks and Caicos Islands Tuvalu Uganda Ukraine United Arab Emirates United Kingdom United States Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of Vietnam Virgin Islands, British Wallis and Futuna Western Sahara Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe Email Sign up for our daily newsletter Get more great content like this delivered right to you! Country Click to view the privacy policy. Required fields are indicated by an asterisk (*) The latest findings build on a study of the big bang’s afterglow, the cosmic microwave background. Last month, cosmologists working with the Background Imaging of Cosmic Extragalactic Polarization, or BICEP, telescope announced that they had spotted traces of gravitational waves rippling through the infant universe in the first sliver of a second after the big bang. The faint pinwheel-like swirls, called B modes, indicated that particles called inflatons propelled a rapid inflation of the early universe.The new work comes from the Tachyonic Retrospective Inferences of Cosmologically Extrapolated Preconditions, or TRICEP, imager. The team managed to discern even fainter swirls, called AF modes: traces of deflatons (pronounced DEF-luh-tons) that brought the previous incarnation of our universe crashing down. “Just imagine a helium balloon shrinking over time as the gas escapes,” says TRICEP spokesman Doug Neidermeyer, a cosmologist at the U.S. Military Academy in West Point, New York. “Now imagine a universe-sized helium balloon deflating in a trillionth of a trillionth of a trillionth of a quadrillionth of a second. Not so easy to imagine, is it?”By all accounts, the TRICEP team scored a technological coup. The AF modes are 1/200 as strong as the B modes BICEP spotted. To detect them, the 127-member TRICEP team used a telescope outfitted with a revolutionary $11 million detector knitted out of individual superconducting carbon nanotubes, paid for in part by Google and the Roman Catholic Church. As hard as it was building the telescope, hauling it to its perch on Cerro Lolita in Chile was harder, researchers say. “Word got round to the llama owners we hired that the detector involved nanotechnology and they refused to touch it,” says Eric “Otter” Stratton, a graduate student at Western South Dakota State University in East Borealis. In the end, he and a dozen other students pulled the 1.2-tonne device up the 2112-meter peak on a sledge. It was worth it, Stratton says: “My Ph.D. adviser promised to shave a year off my dissertation.”Scientists are sparring over the findings. “This signal is nothing but a simple manifestation of my model of fractal, self-similar spacetime,” claims Vernon Wormer, a cosmologist vaguely associated with the University of Connecticut, Storrs. However, Mandy Pepperidge, a physicist at University College London who is not part of the TRICEP collaboration, says that the evidence for AF modes is indisputable. “Look,” she says, “you believed me about that God particle thing, right?”One obvious implication of the new work is that deflatons are antiparticles of inflatons. “The logical assumption,” Neidermeyer says, “is that the universe that existed before ours was exactly the same as ours. Except that it was made of antimatter.” However, he goes a step further than many of his colleagues, arguing that the previous universe was filled with antimatter-based doppelgängers of every living being of our present universe. “If you are a nice person,” Neidermeyer explains, “it would mean your doppelgänger was quite nasty, or even wicked. And vice versa. But it doesn’t necessarily follow that if you are short, then your doppelgänger was tall. Or that Einstein’s doppelgänger was the anti-village idiot. It’s a spiritual thing.” That conclusion is inescapable, he says, given the constraints of the standard model of particle physics.Theologians have already begun adapting the new view of the pre-universe to biblical scholarship. “Precreation is totally compatible with creationism,” says Kent Dorfman, a self-professed intelligent designer in private practice in Halifax, Canada. “What this means for procreation is less clear.”In a curious twist, TRICEP’s finding was anticipated decades ago. “Everything they’ve reported and concluded is consistent with the contents of a dream that Albert Einstein had in the early morning hours of 1 April, 1938, in which he envisioned the demise of our universe as expressed in Dedekind-infinite sets,” says Blutarsky, a member of the BICEP team who minored in science history as an undergraduate at Faber College.However, the BICEP and TRICEP teams are sparring over the quantum implications of inflaton-deflaton duality. Neidermeyer’s team has discovered that inflatons, now hurtling into the void at the boundary of our present universe, “eventually run out of gas and change flavor to deflatons.” Precision measurements of AF waves suggest that once 36.34% of inflatons have converted to deflatons, the remaining inflatons will change flavor and the universe will implode in the next big bang. “Spooky action at one helluva distance,” Neidermeyer says. His team has estimated, based on the measurable slowing of the expansion of our universe, that 36.32% of inflatons have already changed flavor. That doesn’t mean the world is ending tomorrow, he says. There are so many extant inflatons that it will take years to reach the 36.34% tipping point. “The next big bang will occur at 7:06 UTC on Thursday, 1 April, 2038,” he says. “Don’t worry though. It will happen so fast, we won’t feel a thing.”“That’s such bullshit,” Blutarsky says. As elegant as it would have been for the next big bang to occur exactly 100 years after Einstein’s dream, he says, the BICEP team has come to a radically different conclusion. “We found that that the inflaton-deflaton phase change occurs at 36.36%,” he says. In their scenario, the universe will end at 13:06 UTC on Friday, 13 May, 2039. “A less satisfying result,” Blutarsky says. “April Fool’s Day is always preferable to Friday the 13th. But that’s science.”Later this year, the teams will join forces and deploy a balloon-borne telescope, called the QUAntitatively Deeper Research Into Compressed Exouniversal Phases, or QUADRICEP, experiment, to try to settle the question. Hot on their heels is a rival team in Beijing, which raised $2.3 billion earlier today for a space mission that they say could scoop QUADRICEP: Beyond Everything Now Considered about How Physical Reality Exists in the preSent and paSt (BENCH PRESS). Mobilization of the People’s Liberation Army, says a BENCH PRESS representative, will enable the team to launch their experiment next week, if not earlier. read more