It could not have been much fun for the 49ers Sunday, all the coaches and players standing on the sideline in a total downpour.Very little went according to plan for either offense, creating some ugly football in incredibly sloppy conditions. But after about three hours, the Niners came out with a 9-0 win.To celebrate, the heroes of the game — the 49ers defense — took advantage of the rain-drenched turf of FedEx field, throwing it back to with a middle school-style slip-and-slide.Nick Bosa …
A popular social psychologist in the Netherlands has been exposed of committing “fraud on an astonishing scale,” forging data in dozens of scientific papers for nearly a decade. The exposè doesn’t just destroy his reputation. The fraud will cause “huge damage,” said Susan Fiske, a social psychologist at Princeton University,” because “His work is very central—or was.”Diederik Stapel reported experiments he never conducted, manipulated data, and even made it up, according to Gretchen Vogel in Science this week (4 November 2011: Vol. 334 no. 6056 p. 579, DOI: 10.1126/science.334.6056.579). The ripple effect of his fraud tainted the PhD theses of 14 students he supervised. Some of his students were given data to analyze but never conducted an experiment. Ironically, “Stapel’s studies encompassed a broad range of attention-catching topics, including how a position of power influences moral thinking.” Having set such a bad example in that regard, he admitted “he ‘failed as a scientist’ and is ashamed of his actions.”How could this level of fraud go unnoticed for so long? Ewen Calloway, writing for Nature, said “When colleagues called the work of Dutch psychologist Diederik Stapel too good to be true, they meant it as a compliment” (Nature 479, 15, 1/5/2011, doi:10.1038/479015a). Maybe they wanted it to be true. He was a “wunderkind” in his field, “highly published, highly cited, prize-winning, worked with lots of people, and very well thought of in the field.” Medical Xpress added that Stapel also appeared on TV chat shows as a social psychology expert. Some 30 papers are known to be faked, with others expected. Stapel faces prosecution for his misdeeds.New Scientist said this is one of the worst cases of scientific misconduct on record. Not only is Stapel ashamed; the social psychologists who were duped are ashamed. The article quoted the reaction of social psychologist Laura King (University of Missouri): “This is absolutely horrifying. We are talking about research that has major impact in the field of social cognition.”Update 11/28/2012: A year later, Stapel apologized (see Medical Xpress), saying he had failed as a scientist, was sorry for the fraud he inflicted, and that the truth would have been better off without him. The article stated that during his heyday he had been the “darling” of the psychology establishment.Update 11/29/2012: Science Insider reported in more detail on Stapel’s apology, but stressed that the investigative report points out bigger problems: “They paint an image of a ‘sloppy’ research culture in which some scientists don’t understand the essentials of statistics, journal-selected article reviewers encourage researchers to leave unwelcome data out of their papers, and even the most prestigious journals print results that are obviously too good to be true.” The article includes a link to the investigative report and quotes portions of it.There are bad apples in any field, and it appears Stapel acted alone in his deceit. But in social psychology, this was a disaster waiting to happen. According to the New Scientist article, the field is sometimes attacked for “sexy” studies “likely to titillate the media.” Of course, we know that is the ONLY field of SCIENCE with THAT problem (9/8/2011). Hart Blanton, an insider from the University of Connecticut, let the cat out of the bag: “‘Our field is one where a great deal of currency is placed on surprising you,’ says Blanton, who is concerned about a dynamic that encourages researchers to progress from ‘counter-intuitive to cute, to provocative, to “defies gravity”’.” Of course, that is the ONLY field of SCIENCE with THAT problem (9/20/2011).What qualifies as a “science,” anyway? How did social psychology ever get in the tent? The word science stands for too little, because it attempts to stand for too much. If you follow some vague “method” (consistency not required), know how to decorate it with some mathematical symbols, and publish in so-called scientific journals of some sort, you might be welcomed into the tent as a card-carrying “scientist” along with your snake-oil booth. Remember that Stapel said he failed as a scientist, not as a preacher, teacher or charlatan. We would like to assume that other scientists are skeptical of their colleagues, but look how many in this field were astonished – even horrified – that they, too, had been duped.An important take-home lesson from this fraud is that science, no matter how you define it, requires morality. The Medical Xpress article spoke with irony about how Stapel published papers about “how people in positions of power can have their moral compass go askew.” Stapel acknowledged a moral compass exists, but didn’t calibrate his very well. Exercise: Describe how a scientist should calibrate his or her own moral compass. Explain whether the calibration standard can evolve or not.(Visited 43 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
Ntsiki Biyela is living proof that you can do whatever you set your mind to. South Africa’s first black female winemaker shares her story with Zoopy TV.Click arrow to play video.Posted on SouthAfrica.info on 14 April 2009.
After a gap of around four years, Odisha government on Monday announced to revive the Shamuka Beach Project, which is being dubbed as India’s largest tourism project at a single location, in coastal town of Puri.The State government has already acquired 972 acres of land near Sipasarubali village on the outskirts of Puri to develop the area into a tourism destination of international standards.When trees were felled for the project in 2015, the National Green Tribunal directed the government to stop felling and construction activities in ecologically sensitive areas.Green activist Prafulla Samantara had moved NGT stating that the project was illegal as it had not got clearance as per Coastal Regulation Zone guideline and environment clearance under Environment Protection Act 1986.At a high level meeting chaired by Chief Secretary Asit Tripathy at Lokseba Bhawan on Monday, the progress made on the project was discussed in detail.As the land acquisition is almost complete, the Odisha Industrial Infrastructure Development Corporation (IDCO) has been asked to start construction of boundary wall around the project area immediately.“We have already formed a company — Shamuka Tourism Development Corporation Limited — in partnership between Odisha Tourism Development Corporation and IDCO. We have also received consent from Odisha State Pollution Control Board, Coastal Regulatory Zone Authority and Puri-Konark Development Authority for the project,” said State Tourism Secretary Vishal Dev.“In wake of fresh alteration noticed in coastal ecology, some changes were required in the master plan of the project. We have observed that sand mound have started forming near coast. Changes will be made internally without disturbing sand mounds. The new master plan will be prepared in next four months,” he said.As per the State government, the project would be ideal for tourists looking to relax in the lap of luxury in tranquility and to experience the beautiful bio-diversity, rich culture and traditions.It is envisaged that Shamuka Beach would be developed with establishment of star hotels, resorts, spa, exhibition complex, eco parks, Odisha Haat, museum complex, public park and residences.Located along Bay of Bengal between Puri and Chilika Lake, Shamuka Beach is 8 kilometers from Puri, 60 kilometers from Bhubaneswar, and 35 kilometers from the world heritage monument — Konark and 45 kilometers from Chilika Lake — Asia’s largest brackish water lake. Besides, tourists coming to project area could also go to Chandrabhaga beach as well as Raghurajpur, an artisans’ village.
Andre Agassi and world number four Novak Djokovic need to work together for at least a month if the American’s coaching is to have a long-term impact on the struggling Serb’s game, three-times Wimbledon champion John McEnroe has said.Djokovic, who split with his coaching team in a bid to resdiscover his form earlier this year, announced that he would start working with Agassi shortly before the French Open.The 47-year-old American, however, only stayed in Paris for the opening week, and it is not clear whether he will be in Djokovic’s corner at next month’s Wimbledon.”It looks great on paper when you bring in Andre Agassi, and it is great for tennis,” McEnroe told the British media.”He did have this career renaissance so there are reasons why it makes sense, but it is hard to think that it could make sense so fast.”I can’t see it lasting if he is only coming around for very brief moments. But if they got a window of a month, obviously it is a totally different situation entirely.”Djokovic, who has struggled this year and suffered a quarter-final exit at the French Open, fell out of the top two spots in the world rankings this month for the first time since March 2011.He continues to work with a spiritual adviser, Pepe Imaz, a Spanish former player. But McEnroe believes that could be draining Djokovic of his killer instinct.”From an emotional standpoint, Djokovic perhaps felt he wanted to bring in somebody who wants to give people a lot of hugs,” McEnroe added.advertisement”That does not necessarily translate to killer instinct. It does not automatically lose it. But you don’t want to get into a situation where it is all peace and love, and then you have to go out and stomp on somebody’s head in competition.”In a bid to rediscover his form, Djokovic has taken a wildcard into this week’s Aegon International at Eastbourne, his first grasscourt warm-up tournament appearance ahead of Wimbledon since 2010.The Serb as the tournament’s top seed received a first-round bye and will face Czech Jiri Vesely or Vasek Pospisil of Canada in the second round.