Trash-talking Harris gets self, Alaska teammates going in Game 3 win

first_imgAnd it worked as Alaska dismantled Magnolia, 100-71, in Game 3 of the PBA Governors’ Cup Finals Sunday at Ynares Center here.This was the first win of the Aces in the series after falling 2-0.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSGinebra beats Meralco again to capture PBA Governors’ Cup titleSPORTSJapeth Aguilar wins 1st PBA Finals MVP award for GinebraSPORTSGolden State Warriors sign Lee to multiyear contract, bring back ChrissHarris said his trash talking worked its way into his teammates’ motivational system and that allowed them to blend seamlessly on the floor.“In practice, I’m ultra competitive and I’ll trash talk all my teammates and fortunately, they’ve learned how to respond a little bit better now because in the beginning it was like ‘what is this guy doing?’ but they know it’s all fun,” said Harris, who exploded for 36 points while grabbing 18 rebounds in just 30 minutes of play. ‘Mia’: Rom-com with a cause a career-boosting showcase for Coleen Garcia Lights inside SMX hall flicker as Duterte rants vs Ayala, Pangilinan anew Gretchen Barretto’s daughter Dominique graduates magna cum laude from California college No.13 lucky for Orlando Bloom SEA GAMES 2019: PH’s Nesthy Petecio boxing featherweight final (HIGHLIGHTS) PLAY LIST 02:11SEA GAMES 2019: PH’s Nesthy Petecio boxing featherweight final (HIGHLIGHTS)02:43Philippines make clean sweep in Men’s and Women’s 3×3 Basketball00:50Trending Articles02:14Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard02:56NCRPO pledges to donate P3.5 million to victims of Taal eruption00:56Heavy rain brings some relief in Australia02:37Calm moments allow Taal folks some respite03:23Negosyo sa Tagaytay City, bagsak sa pag-aalboroto ng Bulkang Taal01:13Christian Standhardinger wins PBA Best Player award ANTIPOLO CITY, Philippines—Mike Harris is one of those players who will use every kind of tactic to motivate his teammates including trash talking.ADVERTISEMENT LATEST STORIES Harris had his best offensive moment of the game in the third quarter when he unleashed 22 points on Magnolia’s discombobulated defense and 11 of those points were assisted by his teammates.And of the 11 points that Harris got assisted on, eight were direct passes from point guard Chris Banchero.“My teammates know what I’m capable of and they just told me to keep shooting, today was just one of those days,” said Harris.“I saw some openings from the film and I was able to take advantage of that, get some layups in the first quarter to get going.”ADVERTISEMENT After winning title, time for LA Tenorio to give back to Batangas folk Lights inside SMX hall flicker as Duterte rants vs Ayala, Pangilinan anew MOST READ View comments Nadine Lustre’s phone stolen in Brazil Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Japeth Aguilar embraces role, gets rewarded with Finals MVP plum Will you be the first P16 Billion Powerball jackpot winner from the Philippines? Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Victolero urges referees to be ‘consistent’ after Magnolia loss in Game 3last_img read more

Robson: Man United MUST sign world-class defender this summer

first_img Defender Mats Hummels celebrates Germany’s World Cup win Manchester United legend Bryan Robson believes new manager Louis van Gaal MUST sign a world-class centre-back this summer to have any chance of claiming the Premier League crown in his debut season at Old Trafford.United were uncharacteristically sketchy at the back under axed boss David Moyes last term, where a miserable campaign saw the club miss out on European football for the first time in 25 years.And their summer departures haven’t helped in that department, with former captains Nemanja Vidic and Rio Ferdinand both leaving at the end of their contracts, while an exit is also expected for experienced full-back Patrice Evra.The arrival of Netherlands coach Louis van Gaal has seen a host of global stars linked with an Old Trafford switch, including World Cup winner Mats Hummels – reportedly their number one target – Arsenal centre-back Thomas Vermaelen and Dutch pair Bruno Martins Indi and Stefan de Vrij.And Robson, who won two Premier Leagues and three FA Cups during his time at United, thinks his former side could struggle if they don’t manage to land a suitable replacement for their departed heroes.“When you lose three class defenders like that you need to bring in a really top-drawer centre-half to the club,” he told Press Association Sport.“That would really give us a chance of winning the title.“You look back over the years and United have had Brucey [Steve Bruce] and Pally [Gary Pallister] as a pairing, and we’ve had Nemanja and Rio more recently.“Then we had Jaap Stam. He was a really dominant and aggressive player and we need one of those to come in to the club.” 1last_img read more

‘We’ll be ready for play-offs’, vows Rep of Ireland boss Martin O’Neill

first_img1 Republic of Ireland boss Martin O’Neill Republic of Ireland boss Martin O’Neill has vowed his side will be ready for whatever is thrown at them as they prepare for the Euro 2016 play-offs.O’Neill’s men will go into the hat for Sunday’s draw after losing their final qualifier in Poland 2-1 on Sunday evening to finish third in Group D.Grzegorz Krychowiak handed Poland a 13th-minute lead with a sweetly-struck effort from distance, but Walters gave Ireland fresh hope from the penalty spot just three minutes later.However, Robert Lewandowski’s powerful header – his 15th goal in six games – with three minutes of the first half remaining proved to be the difference between the teams on a night when striker Shane Long was carried from the field on a stretcher.They are unlikely to be seeded and will be without suspended duo John O’Shea, who was sent off for two bookable offences at the Narodowy Stadium, and Jonathan Walters, who collected his third caution of the campaign, through suspension for next month’s first leg.However, a bullish O’Neill, who saw defender Richard Keogh force a late save from Lukasz Fabianski, said: “Tonight was disappointing in the result but funnily enough for all of that, Richard heads the ball into the net with six or seven minutes left in the game and we’re in France. It’s that close.“Poland, who are a very, very fine side, went down at every opportunity, as you would expect them to, to cut the game.“The game was stop-start a lot of the match and in the second half, it was very much that case, so I will draw great solace and great determination from the players and their efforts.“We are still there and whoever we play, we will be as ready as we possibly can be.”last_img read more


first_imgShaun ‘the yank’ Boyle is back from the States and is ready to fire Naomh Muire to victory over Naomh Conaill in the Donegal SFC.Naomh Muire return to Senior championship action for the first time since 2000 when they host Naomh Conaill in the Donegal SFC on Saturday evening.The Lower Rosses club won the Intermediate championship in convincing fashion last year, and in doing so booked a ticket to Donegal football’s top table for the first time in almost twenty years.Naomh Muire have made massive progress on and off the pitch and boast fantastic facilities that are the envy of many clubs across the county. On Saturday they return to the Donegal SFC action when they entertain Naomh Conaill.Naomh Muire have enjoyed a good league campaign in Division Two, especially when you consider they’ve played the majority of their matches without star players Shaun ‘the yank’ Boyle, Adi O’Gara, Owen Grant and Darragh White who all departed to the USA for the summer.Naomh Conaill last won the Donegal SFC in 2010, and in the same year reached the Ulster final were they were narrowly defeated by Crossmaglen.They were also defeated by St.Eunan’s in the county decider in 2012. They have the players at their disposal to win another Senior championship and will be boosted by the return of Donegal players Leo McLoone, Anthony Thompson, Leon Thompson and Dermot ‘the brick’ Molloy.It will be a formidable test for Naomh Muire, but they’ll lack no motivation for Saturday’s encounter.Naomh Conaill will be itching to avoid a repeat of last season in which they exited the championship at the group stages.They’ll be hoping to go all the way this year and will believe they have the ability to do so.The Banks is a formidable place for any team to go, but Naomh Conaill’s greater experience at this level should give them the edge. VERDICT – NAOMH CONAILLDONEGAL SFC PREVIEW: NAOMH MUIRE V NAOMH CONAILL was last modified: September 26th, 2014 by Mark ForkerShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:Donegal SFCGlentiesNaomh ConaillNAOMH MUIREnewsSportlast_img read more

Women’s Tennis Opens MVC Action At Northern Iowa

first_imgThe Bulldogs return to the Roger Knapp Tennis Center on Saturday, April 8 when they host defending MVC champions Wichita State. Print Friendly Version The Panthers head into conference action with a 7-4 record and were swept by Fordham on March 16 in their last time out. As the team’s top singles player, Jieke Stroobant holds a 6-4 record, while Gisela Kemper leads the team with nine wins. DES MOINES, Iowa – The Drake University women’s tennis team opens Missouri Valley Conference play on Saturday when the Bulldogs travel to Northern Iowa at 2 p.m.Drake has beaten UNI the last five regular season meetings with the Panthers last win over the Bulldogs coming in 2011.The Bulldogs enter league play with an 8-5 record and have won their last three outings. Summer Brills, who is the team’s top singles player, leads the team with an 8-2 record and is on a four-match winning streak. Junior Tess Herder and sophomore Joely Lomas have each recorded seven singles wins in non-conference action.last_img read more

Dean Collects Another MVC Scholar-Athlete of the Week Honor

first_imgThis most recent MVC Scholar-Athlete of the Week honor is the 21st this season by a Drake student-athlete, the most of any Valley program. Dean’s stellar MVC Tournament helped earn the Bulldogs a berth in this week’s NCAA Tournament field as a No. 13 seed. She and her teammates face fourth-seeded Texas A&M Friday, March 16 at 1:30 p.m. on ESPN2. ST. LOUIS, Mo. – For the 11th time in the last 15 weeks, a member of the Drake University women’s basketball team has been named a Missouri Valley Conference Scholar-Athlete of the Week, presented by Eagle Bank & Trust Company. Junior Maddy Dean (Jordan, Minn.) is the latest Bulldog to earn the honor, her second of the season. Last week, Dean led the Bulldogs to a second-straight MVC Women’s Basketball Tournament championship and earned tourney MVP honors.  Dean averaged 17.0 points, 5.7 rebounds and 3.7 assists per game, while shooting 52 percent from the field and 47 percent from behind the three-point arc.  The junior scored 19 points with five rebounds and three assists in the quarterfinal win over Valparaiso, 22 points with seven boards and three assists in the semifinal win over Southern Illinois and 10 points with five rebounds and five assists in the title game win over UNI.  2017-18 Drake Missouri Valley Scholar-Athletes of the WeekSept. 6 – Josh Yeager – Men’s Cross CountrySept. 13 – Kyle Brandt – Men’s Cross CountryOct. 4 – Kyla Inderski – VolleyballNov. 28 – Reed Timmer, Men’s BasketballNov. 28 – Sara Rhine, Women’s BasketballDec. 6 – Reed Timmer, Men’s BasketballDec. 6 – Sara Rhine, Women’s BasketballDec. 13 – Becca Hittner, Women’s BasketballJan. 3 – Becca Hittner, Women’s BasketballJan. 3 – Nick McGlynn, Men’s BasketballJan. 10 – Becca Hittner, Women’s BasketballJan. 10 – Reed Timmer, Men’s BasketballJan. 17 – Sara Rhine, Women’s BasketballJan. 17 – Nick McGlynn, Men’s BasketballJan. 31 – Sara Rhine, Women’s BasketballFeb. 7 – Reed Timmer, Men’s BasketballFeb. 7 – Maddy Dean, Women’s BasketballFeb. 14 – Sara Rhine, Women’s BasketballMarch 1 – Reed Timmer, Women’s BasketballMarch 7 – Becca Hittner, Women’s BasketballMarch 14 – Maddy Dean, Women’s Basketball Print Friendly Versionlast_img read more


first_imgThe blade is embedded in the groundANOTHER Donegal wind turbine has been smashed – by high winds!A blade on a turbine at Corkermore wind farm has snapped clean off and embedded in the ground below.Just a month ago the site was given the go-ahead to add four new turbines by An Bord Pleanala. The site of the windfarm is nine kilometres north-east of Killybegs.An appeal was lodged against Donegal County Council awarding permission on a number of grounds including that it didn’t take correct note of public submissions, the impact of low level sound on human health as well as a potential negative impact on the environment, scenic beauty and tourism.In its conclusion, An Bord Pleanala said the proposed development would not be likely to have any significant negative impacts on the environment in relation to the landscape, noise emissions, shadow flicker, slope stability, water quality or otherwise.It concluded the proposed development would therefore be in keeping with proper planning and sustainable development of the area and can go ahead. The latest turbine smashing incident comes after another one at Maas near Ardara collapsed in March.On that occasion the owners of that site blamed high winds.The incident at Corkermore follows a storm yesterday.No-one has been injured in the incident. SHOCK AS ANOTHER WIND TURBINE DISINTEGRATES AT SECOND WINDFARM SITE was last modified: December 6th, 2013 by John2Share this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:collapsecorkermore wind farmDonegal Dailyturbine damagelast_img read more

South African brand remains consistent

first_img20 November 2015Brand South Africa, in partnership with Independent Media’s Business Report, released South Africa’s Nation Brand Index results at the Regency Hyatt hotel in Rosebank, Johannesburg this week.Brand South Africa general manager for research Dr Petrus de Kock presented the details of the index’s findings. He also joined a panel discussion with media monitoring professional Tonya Khoury, economics expert Dr Iraj Abedian and Sello Mosai, executive manager of Productivity SA, to discuss the intricacies of the results and the way forward for the country and its brand.#SABrandIndex panel @productivitysa Sello Mosai @IrajAbedian @brand_sa Dr Petrus de Kock @ROIAfrica @TonyaROI— Brand South Africa (@Brand_SA) November 18, 2015Abedian is the founder and chief executive of Pan-African Capital Holdings, as well as a highly respected economic policy adviser, researcher and author. Khoury is a leading expert on South African and African media analysis and the founder of ROI Africa media monitoring company.#SABrandIndex @Brand_SA CEO Kingsley Makhubela welcomes guests, speakers to the event.— Brand South Africa (@Brand_SA) November 18, 2015The event was opened by Brand South Africa chief executive, ambassador Kingsley Makhubela, who spoke about the changing dynamics of global geopolitics. He cited the Paris attacks and the Syrian crisis to illustrate how perceptions could affect the way the rest of the world saw individual countries. He urged that South Africa, as a nation, use the findings of the index, as well other global economic and social barometers, to look at what other nations were doing right and change the things the country was doing incorrectly.South Africans could be proud of the country’s performance in a range of indices in the past year, Makhubela said. “The Global Competitiveness Index produced by the World Economic Forum ranks us 49 amongst 140 countries and number two in Africa. (together with) the Mo Ibrahim Index on African Governance placing us at number four amongst 54 countries on the continent. now, the Nation Brand Index places us at number 38 of 50 countries.”#SABrandIndex Introduction by Sello Mosai @productivitysa— Brand South Africa (@Brand_SA) November 18, 2015The country needed to embrace a culture of continuous improvement and be able to tangibly measure those improvements through surveys such as the Nation Brand Index in order to become a better country, Productivity SA’s Mosai said in his introduction to De KockThe Nation Brand IndexThe Anholt-GfK Roper Nation Brands Index is a global survey, started in 2008 by British policy researcher Simon Anholt, the “father” of nation branding.The index measures perceptions and opinions of 50 country-brands, including 20 core countries and 30 economically and regionally representative member countries, based on the six dimensions of national competence, known as the Nation Brand Hexagon. These include governance, exports, tourism, people and culture, as well as investment and immigration. An overall score is determined from the average of the six scores.Anholt called the index a vital barometer for how countries perceived each other and how it affected relationships with one another. In an overview of the survey on its website, he explained that “it is (a country’s) perceived impact on the world that affects reputation more than assets or achievements”.The dimensions of the nation brand hexagonExports: This is what marketers call the country of origin effect – whether knowing where the product is made increases or decreases people’s likelihood of buying it, based on a country’s particular strengths in science and technology, as well as creative energy.Governance: This dimension incorporates the perceived competency and honesty of the government, while also taking into account perceptions on how the government respects citizens’ rights. A country’s global behaviour in international peace and security, its environmental protection policies and efforts to reduce poverty are also factors.Culture: The score is based on perceptions of a country’s heritage and its contemporary culture of music, art and sport. The survey gauges the strongest images and recollections of a country’s cultural product.People: Assessment of the sociability of a country’s citizens and the appeal of the people on both personal and professional levels (tourism and business relationships).Tourism: The appeal of a country is scored based on three major areas: natural beauty, historical significance, urban modernity.Immigration and investment: This assesses the perceptions of a country’s economic prosperity, equal opportunity and quality of life – would it be somewhere you would want to live and/or invest in?The scores of each dimension, as well as the overall score, are based on an online survey of over 20 000 interviewees from 20 countries. Scores are determined from a combination of ratings and word choice surveys completed by the sample. Fieldwork was conducted from 9 to 27 July 2015.This year, the United States gained the top spot on the survey overall, while Germany, which was first in 2014, was second. The United Kingdom, France, Canada, Japan, Italy, Switzerland, Australia and Sweden completed the top 10.South Africa’s brand index rating#SABrandIndex 2015 ratings. #NationBrandIndex— Brand South Africa (@Brand_SA) November 18, 2015South Africa’s brand index rating per dimension is:Exports: 36th out of 50 countries surveyedGovernance: 39thCulture: 30thPeople: 36thTourism: 36thImmigration and investment: 39thSouth Africa’s overall rating this year is 38th, a one place drop over 2014. But it remained consistent in the fields of exports and governance. The country raised its rating by one place in people and tourism, with both moving to 36th place out of the 50 countries surveyed.According to a summary of the results, the Anholt website highlighted South Africa’s slow but steady climb in the survey over the years. “South Africa’s growing international appeal gives it a measure of moral authority,” it said. “Developing South Africa’s reputation should leverage off existing positive profile the country has globally.”As has been consistent throughout South Africa’s participation in the survey, the country’s strengths still lie in its natural beauty, highly influential artistic and sport culture, and its diligent and skilful people in the business field.South African cultural touchstones were getting a lot more exposure overseas, Khoury noted later during the panel discussion. She cited issues such as the discovery of Homo Naledi and the success of Trevor Noah. This, she said, was in most part the result of the continuing rise of social media and the proliferation of news cycles, which also had a negative side, as seen in the case of Oscar Pistorius’ murder trial during 2014 and 2015.“The nature of social media is that people have a voice and an opinion, but sometimes don’t know how strong that voice can be and don’t consider the ramifications of using social media to express that voice,” Khoury explained.This year, the index noted that the South African respondents were generally more favourable towards their home country, ranking it sixth or better for the people, tourism and culture pillars.More work needs to be done in the country’s governance and poverty alleviation, as well as in raising the profile of its exports. The results also noted that improvements in the country’s technological readiness could raise its brand index in the future.Realistic optimism, based on figures and facts such as the ones found in the Nation Brand Index, were key to unlocking a more successful economy, Abedian said in the panel discussion. “Our economy is one of the most favourable economies; we just need to unlock it in the right way.”Mosai agreed, explaining that the potential of the South African economy was there. “We just have to maximise it correctly, using the right tools and information.”@brand_sa ‘s GM: Research Dr Petrus de Kock presents the 2015 #SABrandIndex results— Brand South Africa (@Brand_SA) November 18, 2015So how can South Africa play to its strengths to improve on the weaknesses of the country as a brand?The panel discussion offered a variety of choice words and some typically South African out-of-the-box thinking to define and solve the conundrum.Khoury said South Africans were celebrated for doing things differently. She spoke of how the grassroots campaign #FeesMustFall used social media to put forward its ideas and build a following. At the same time, it communicated the campaign to the rest of the world, inspiring similar questioning of the issues globally. This, she said, was an organic and fluid process, something that could be applied to any kind of campaign with the right intentions.Abedian spoke about the differences between policy frameworks and the state’s stance, and finding a common ground to make the country’s economy work. He also said that the private sector, while remaining strong in South Africa, needed to play a more proactive role in highlighting its important role in South African society.Mosai said building a quintessential South African identity was something that should have been created from the beginning of the post-democratic era, yet it was not too late to start. “The identity of South Africa is every individual in the country and we have to build a united front out of all those elements,” he explained.De Kock argued that while 21 years may not be enough to form a definitive South African identity, he agreed that more in-depth interrogation of what we wanted as a nation was needed.In closing, all the panellists agreed that the country’s best course of action was to play to its strengths, while also changing perspective and being more creative thinkers. Mosai concluded that the country might have a trust deficient, politically, socially, globally: “If we can’t trust each other then we can’t work together. We need to find a common ground for all in the country.”“Our diversity is still our greatest strength,” concluded Abedian. “Let’s see how we can use that to feed positively into a national narrative in order to build on past failures and improve our successes.”last_img read more

A 1950s Cape With Many Needs

first_img RELATED ARTICLES Air Sealing an AtticSealing Ducts: What’s Better, Tape or Mastic?Creating a Conditioned Attic Two Ways to Insulate Attic KneewallsInsulating a Cape Cod HouseOut With The Old, In With The NewGreen Basics: Roofs: Attics, Structure, CladdingsSite-Built Ventilation Baffles for Roofs Delay a decision on HVACAlthough a 24-year-old furnace may be getting a little long in the tooth, Dana Dorsett suggests that Emerson delay the decision on his HVAC system for now and concentrate on air-sealing and otherwise weatherizing the house. How much fuel he uses over the winter becomes a “firm upper-bound” on sizing a replacement system.When the time comes for a replacement system, Dorsett says, Emerson may find that ductless minisplits sized correctly for cooling will also be able to handle the heating load. “But,” he says, “we don’t really know that yet.”“A fuel-use heat load calculation wouldn’t tell you the room loads, but it would establish the upper limit of the whole-house load,” Dorsett explains. “It’s possible that the heating ducts could be used for cooling, using a right-sized heat pump, at a lower operating cost than heating with oil, at a much lower installed cost than a full-on ductless solution. Right now it’s all an open question.” Emerson W has acquired his first free-standing home, a Cape built in Maryland in 1952, and in no time he’s compiled a long list of upgrades the house will need — everything from a new heating system to dealing with vented, unconditioned crawl spaces.In a lengthy post in the Q&A Forum, Emerson lays out the details of current conditions and a tentative plan for making the house more energy-efficient and more comfortable. His post covers a half-dozen major areas of concern. That’s too many for a single Spotlight, so we’ll look at just a couple — how to approach insulation for a a slate roof, and what to do about a 24-year-old oil-burning furnace.First, the roof. Emerson has apparently spoken with a roofing contractor who believes the slate roof at the front of the house might need replacement in eight years. At that time, Emerson could add rigid foam insulation on top of the existing roof deck, but replacement isn’t in the cards now. On the rear of the house, also roofed in slate, external foam doesn’t look like an option. For those reasons, Emerson thinks an insulate-from-within strategy might be best.Then there’s the HVAC system. The 4,400-square-foot house is heated with a 24-year-old oil burner with a two-zone central air conditioning system. Our expert’s opinionHere’s what GBA technical director Peter Yost thinks:Since Emerson has spent a lot of time on GBA and Building Science Corporation’s websites, I probably don’t need to say this, but I will anyway because it’s so important: Always prioritize according to the list below.Bulk water managementAirtightnessDrying potential (vapor profiles)Thermal continuityIn other words, eliminate leaks or wicking, then air seal, make sure building assemblies can dry if they get wet, and insulate well. And for #3, that includes making sure that you have household sources of moisture under control (for more on that, read “Moisture Sources, Relative Humidity, and Mold.”)That said:Emerson’s slate roof: Our home here in Vermont is over 100 years old and is roofed with slate. Our local roofing expert tells me two things. One, there is a broad range of slate and that can mean the difference between 100 and 200 years of service life. Two, the slates are only as good as the fasteners so assessing a slate roof means learning how the fasteners are holding up. I have never met a slate roof expert who can tell me if the slates have eight or 20 years left. I would talk to at least three references for your roofer in order feel a bit more certain of his (or her) slate “quals.” Or, provide GBA blog-lifers with detailed photos of your slates; maybe seeing your slates up close and personal will help us out on this issue.I also checked in with our local leading roofing company, Jancewicz & Son, on this topic. To start, I asked Brian Knowles about this InspectAPedia web resource, “Slate Roof Wear, Slate ‘Rot,’ Slate Roof Life”.Brian said, “I think the information in the article says it all about evaluating slate condition. There is a lot to know and most of it revolves around where the slate comes from.Roofing slate varies widely in quality. (Photo: Flickr)“For a homeowner, the best way to determine the condition of a slate roof is to look at the slates that have fallen off. Are they mushy, soft, brittle, flakey? Have they broken and fallen off, or are the fasteners failing? If you are getting whole (unbroken) tiles then it is likely there’s a problem with the fasteners. A professional roofer can remove a few tiles and examine the fasteners to see if they are corroding. If the slates are coming off in pieces then you have to decide whether it is a symptom of damage from ice and snow, or whether the slates are just no longer stable.“Vermont slates are usually very long-lasting; most of our slate roofs in Brattleboro usually go bad because of the old steel fasteners, not because the slate is bad. That said, I have a client who has a 14-year old slate roof that was quarried in Vermont from a bad vein with lots of pyrite inclusions. This is the mineral substance that the reference article talks about.“This makes his slates very brittle and flaky, thus requiring extensive repairs every spring. I educated him on this by comparing a high-quality north county black slate tile from New England Slate Company with the stuff from his roof. The difference is obvious. You would have a tough time breaking the good tile over your knee, and it would likely leave a bruise. The bad stuff can be broken in your hand with little to no effort.“The ‘touch and feel’ evaluation is best but is not always easy to perform for the entire roof. You can tell immediately with little to no training weather the slate is good. If it’s bad, it feels bad: it’s brittle, flaky, mushy, or soft. Good slate is what it is — rock. It’s solid and sound; it doesn’t break or crush easily.“It is also important to look at all of the slate on the roof to decide whether it is all the same material. Repairs over time usually get made with material that is different than the original slate used. You don’t want to cast judgment on an entire roof based on the condition of one or two bad slates that were installed by a repair crew who had a bad batch of repair tiles.”Emerson’s HVAC: Definitely get your enclosure where it needs to be (see priority list above) and then right-size whatever system you choose. My personal opinion on HVAC options:Minisplits: the best duct is no duct in my book. Minisplits have a proven track record and they are both simple and quiet compared to just about any ducted system.Ducts and equipment in conditioned space: I know it is possible to seal and bury ducts, but it’s just hard to do well, and then a mess if you have a problem down the road.Air-source vs ground-source: Ground source can be a good fit for larger buildings but it’s just not a good fit for small, single-family detached homes in my book. And it is not easy to find expert installers — ones who understand soils, geology, and HVAC. Insulating a slate roofThe dilemma is not only when to replace the slate, but how to insulate the roof. At the moment, the attic has a scant 2 inches of blown-in fiberglass on the floor. Emerson is aware of the potential problems of spraying closed-cell foam on the underside of the roof.A slate roof is vapor-permeable, Holladay says, and dries readily to the exterior. Slate is often applied over skip sheathing — that is, strips of sheathing applied so there’s a gap between the boards.“If you want to insulate the rafter bays under a slate roof, here are the rules,” Holladay says:“1. Never install spray foam insulation to the underside of the skip sheathing. You don’t want to glue the slates to the roof assembly.“2. The best job will include a ventilation space (at least one inch deep) below the skip sheathing, created with site-built ventilation baffles made of plywood or rigid foam.“3. As with any type of retrofit attempt to insulate rafter bays, the basic problem is that it’s hard to get enough R-value when you are restricted to the depth of the existing rafters.”In Emerson’s case, the slate appears to have been installed over asphalt felt and solid plank sheathing, not skip sheathing. Does that change the insulation strategy?Yes, Holladay replies.“That means (in theory) that you could have closed-cell spray foam installed on the underside of the sheathing if you wanted,” he says. “In practice, however, I would want to verify that the slate is installed on skip sheathing above the asphalt felt. If that’s the way the slate is installed, it’s an excellent installation.“However, if the slate is nailed directly to the solid board sheathing (through the asphalt felt), there isn’t any air space under the slate, and the spray foam installation would be unwise. All of this advice assumes that you care about the slate. In my mind, you should. Slate roofs are a valuable element that add to the historic character of our neighborhoods. Every time a slate roof is lost, the entire neighborhood loses something valuable.”center_img Ductless vs. ground-source heat pumpOptions for new heating and cooling equipment include ductless minisplits and a ground-source heat pump, and a major factor to Emerson is the 30% income tax credit available with the ground-source system as well as low operating costs.“Don’t count the geo-tax-break chickens before they hatch,” Dorsett suggests, “but also vet the geothermal contractors extremely thoroughly.”Ground-source heat pumps are efficient, with relatively high Coefficients of Performance, but Dorsett points out that the stated COP doesn’t include the energy it takes to pump the heat exchange fluid through the earth loop, and that can be significant.“That additional pumping power adds up, and is in the control of the system designer, some of whom are competent; others, well… ” he says. “Typical solutions will deliver an all-in COP of about 3.5 (=HSPF 12-ish) , even though best-case geothermal solutions can be in the ~4 (HSPF 13.5) range, but hitting the 5s requires hiring the Tooth Fairy and his trusty unicorn for the job (though it can be done with very carefully designed ultra-low temperature radiant floors, etc.). “In Climate Zone 4, he adds, a correctly sized ductless system will probably top the performance of a ground-source heat pump on the basis of annual power consumption, although a ground-source heat pump probably would do better than a ducted air source heat pump.“In my area (U.S. climate zone 5A, southern New England, on the edge of Zones 4 and 5 for heating hours) the substantial cost difference is often large enough to pay for enough rooftop PV to cover the full heating energy use of heating with ductless (not just the energy use difference!)” Dorsett says. “But geothermal is also more expensive here than in many areas; thus your mileage may vary.”One other advantage may be cost: “In general, I’m a fan of ductless minisplits,” Holladay writes. “Abandoning your attic ductwork and installing minisplits may be less expensive that creating a conditioned attic or moving your ductwork to a new location inside your home’s thermal envelope.“That said, some people don’t like the look of minisplits, and some minisplit systems introduce the problem of room-to-room temperature variations,” He adds. “Both of these problems can be addressed by using ducted minisplits instead of ductless minisplits.” “I was leaning toward geothermal,” Emerson writes, “contingent on the 30% tax credit returning, but having read GBA on this topic, I am now thoroughly confused. The house layout would be great for minisplits — it looks like a rancher with a partial second floor. Question: What is current thinking on geothermal vs. ductless minisplits?”Despite the lack of upgrades, the Climate Zone 4 house sits on a “great piece of property” and seems to have loads of potential. “Other than these issues,” Emerson says, “the house is a model of green efficiency.” What to do about ducts in the atticEmerson is leaning away from turning the attic into a conditioned space, so that means dealing with heating and cooling ducts in a way that doesn’t court disaster. After reading an article by Building Science Corporation’s Joe Lstiburek, Emerson sees three options:(1) Leave the leaky and partially insulated ducts alone, and blow R-49 worth of insulation on top of them. When the HVAC system is updated in the future, the air handler could be moved into conditioned space and new ducts installed under the second floor — inside the thermal envelope.(2) Air seal and insulate the existing ducts, then bury them in R-49 of insulation.(3) Use the existing ductwork with a new HVAC system.“Hard-piped tight and insulated new ducts in the attic will usually be safe to bury in the attic insulation; leaky ducts, not so much,” Dorsett says. “If you’re going to use the attic ducts even for one season it’s worth making the effort to seal them. Whether the money for new, improved ducts would be better applied to a ductless solution requires more analysis. To be sure, air sealing the attic floor is going to be a lot easier and more reliable over the long term if you can get rid of the dozen or more duct penetrations.” Don’t be hasty with replacing slateSlate roofs are common in some parts of the Northeast where there are, or were, plenty of local quarries. In areas of western Vermont and eastern New York state, for example, even chicken coops and other outbuildings often had slate roofs. When an old barn fell down, the slates could be removed, reused on another building, and still last another couple of decades. These days, slate is an extremely expensive roofing option.“My first reaction, as a former roofer, is that you must have been given bad advice about the slate roof,” says GBA editor Martin Holladay. “A slate roof is a rare and wonderful asset. Unless the original roofer made major blunders, there is no way that slate installed in 1952 ‘has 5-10 years of life left.’ What does that even mean? A slate roof can last 150 or 200 years.”Holladay acknowledges that might be painting too rosy a picture, but he adds that he’s seen perfectly good slate roofs torn off by “ignorant roofers (or knowledgeable roofers who are greedy and want the slate).”“Some roofers advise replacing a slate roof simply because they are inexperienced at flashing replacement,” he adds. “It’s true that some less expensive types of slate can eventually deteriorate due to freeze/thaw damage — although Maryland isn’t a particularly harsh climate — and it’s possible that your slates are deteriorating. I would start by asking your roofer: Exactly why are you recommending that I remove the existing slate?”Emerson says he has received “conflicting guidance” on the slate roof. “Our inspector said 20+ years left (with a 75-year life expectancy),” he says. “A slate roofer (who sell roofs) said 5-8 years on the front, and some spots on the back need major repair or possible replacement sooner.”last_img read more