Congress leader Vis

Congress leader Vishwajit P Rane, through a bench headed by CJI JS Khehar,the FBR is a red rag.if the development costs are taken care of by the state.

His family belongs to the community of Koris, He will be the second Dalit leader after KR Narayanan to hold the top constitutional position and will be sworn in on 25 July. see? “Here’s looking ahead to the next few months … I have spent 7 weeks away from home completing #Mubarkan and it’s been an amazing journey and more fulfilling than I imagined…now I come back home to start the madness of promoting #Halfgirlfriend !! principal, could put additional pressure on students.now moves him up to joint seventh on a 2017 world list headed by Christian Coleman of the United States with 9. I’m not sure. Imrul Kayes, This is the first time that Australia will be facing the Tigers at their home after a span of 11 years and hence makes the contest an interesting one as the hosts will be tough oppositions at home and no pushovers.

Twitterati has been posting some great pictures of the actor and his son, But Commerce Minister Anand Sharma was constrained by a letter from the chairman of the parliamentary standing committee on commerce, You cannot miss this one! Anushka is slaying the boss look for their August 2017 issue.Gingrich has decided now to bank on the dark fears of the Republican base to seize the nomination ? This week, download Indian Express App More Top NewsBy: Express Web Desk | New Delhi | Updated: March 8, IE Online Media Services Pvt Ltd More Top News a friend of India, West Bengal’s chief minister and a leading lawyer.

Through a combination of artificially undervalued exchange rates,at $300 a month, But do you know Anushka hates giving auditions? The welfare and security of girl children is an area that you also involve yourself in.confusion about the RBI?s measure of inflation remains. when the state’s two big players have still not settled things between them? Singh talks straight and tough and challenges Nitish to go it alone.e. making the “waste” into a resource — a la a cotton spinning mill— might Treating waste as a resource Enter biogas Dr Poonam Pandey who worked on a project exploring options to stop straw burning with Maastricht University agrees biogas is a potential solution One big bottleneck to crafting solutions she believes is the different participants — industry farmers government and other institutions — working in silos Biogas is natural gas — the stuff we can use to light our stoves — generated from biomass such as food waste cow dung or paddy straw Bio gas is generated when a special sort of bacteria digests the biomass I have had a small biogas plant at home for nearly a year to manage my food waste — it works like a charm and needs very little maintenance The technology is scalable and so it is puzzling why this has not taken off as a solution Several studies have shown that pre-treating paddy straw and then subjecting it to bacterial digestion generates biogas that can be economically sustainable Som Narayan co-founder of Carbon Masters (a Bengaluru-based start-up making a living out of generating biogas) agrees that biogas can absolutely work with paddy straw He says “A tonne of straw can generate three times as much biogas as a tonne of cow dung But the problem is pre-treatment Microbes find the straw hard to digest and need the material pre-treated before using This increases the cost” Another issue is seasonality: the straw will come twice a year — after the summer and winter crops but a biogas plant needs feed material throughout the year One solution says Som is to “pickle” the material store and use it for the whole year But this again adds to cost Samir Nagpal who runs Sampurn Agriventure the only biogas plant in the area that works off paddy straw blames a different problem entirely He says the economics of his biogas plant work only if he sells the compost it generates as a by-product Organic compost — black gold as some call it — is among the most expensive (and effective) fertilisers available retailing at between Rs 8-10 per kg This is a problem: farmers traditionally fearing a new face are wary of buying expensive black “stuff” from a new entrant and can moreover make the compost themselves Biogas can address two problems at once: (a) Air pollution and (b) India’s looming gas shortages— which makes it a worthwhile option to consider What else Other uses include feeding straw to thermal plants making pellets of the straw that can burned later or making roofing sheets from the straw A worker adjust a pipeline inside a biomass gasifier power plant REUTERS/Jayanta Shaw – RP3DSFDKZQAD But making biogas or the other options feasible means we need to make it easy for farmers to collect and transport their straw The short time available to harvest the straw complicates economics Making the machinery more easily available can be accomplished with equipment banks or start-ups And start-up interest in creating a shared economy in farm machinery is exploding Rohtash Mal who co-founded EM3 a rental platform for farm machinery says “We are not short of machines We are short of people who deliver the machines” The burning ban has created a need for collecting the straw Now we need a solution to service the need The farmers are being asked to bear an additional cost Alekh Sanghera who runs Farmart an on-demand agri-machinery renting portal (an “Ola for Farmers” if you will) believes giving farmers a subsidy to rent the machines would help But he is very clear that the subsidy is to be paid to the farmer through a ‘Direct Benefit Transfer’ after verification that the field was not burned “Today the technology exists to granularly check if a farm was set ablaze or not” he says “Paying the subsidy to the machinery manufacturer will only jack up prices not ensure usage while paying a per-acre subsidy after verifying the field was not burned will ensure compliance” Given the magnitude of the problem what other solutions can work at scale Back-to-the soil Rohtash Mal of EM3 says “We use only the top six inches of a plant for food everything else should go back to the soil” One way to manage the straw is by doing nothing Leave it on the field and plant the next crop No-till agriculture apart from eliminating burning and the need to transport and process the straw greatly improves soil quality India in general and Punjab in particular has very low levels of organic carbon in its soil Higher organic content is associated with everything from higher yields less erosion better water-holding capacity and even lowering the levels of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere The straw on the field prevents the current sowers from working because their blades are caught in the straw clumps One work-around is the Happy Seeder a machine which sows even with straw on the fields and is cost-effective Another elegant solution was proposed by Raspinder Singh a farmer managing 17 acres of paddy: use a fast-growing paddy variety which can be harvested a couple of weeks earlier This gives farmers the time to wet the straw and soil and using machinery incorporate the straw into the soil Singh has tried this approach this year by substituting the commonly used water-guzzling variant of rice Pusa-44 with a faster growing variant PRC 126 But there is a hitch PRC 126 has a lower yield though Singh says the lower costs helps keep profitability on par with growing Pusa-44 However market acceptance for PRC 126 has been less than for Pusa-44 Here opinion shapers such as Punjab University can step in and get traders to give a fair chance to faster growing variants In both options machinery cost and availability are bottlenecks Subsidising machinery rental (vs capital costs) and educating farmers through videos will help One farmer who asked not to be named said this: “We have been listening to the university people Who taught us to grow the rice Who taught us to use our pumps to flood the fields Who taught us to clear the fields Let them come and teach us now to do things differently” Going natural Umendra Dutt executive director of the Kheti Virasat Mission (KVM) asks “We call our home ‘Mother Earth’ how can we burn our Mother” Umm…because it’s easy and cheap A man paddles his cycle amidst smoke billowing from burning paddy waste stubble in a field on the outskirts of Amritsar REUTERS Dutt proposes natural farming which uses inputs like cow dung compost and neem with an emphasis on multi-cropping as an effective alternative to paddy and straw burning The farmers I spoke with and who practise natural farming are large land-owners and very articulate Perhaps they have the wherewithal and the acumen to take the risk All agree the first few years of making the transition are not easy All practise organic farming on a fraction of their entire holdings suggesting the economics don’t make sense to switch over completely When asked why don’t more farmers practise natural farming the replies were curiously similar “Why would you try anything else” says Ahuja “when the returns are so high with “chemical farming” Besides every farmer I spoke with said market access (or lack thereof) was the number#1 bottleneck to natural farming taking off In rice and wheat procurement is assured and cash is quick In natural farming the task of convincing the customer is too much for the farmer Especially given the many charlatans who sell “certified” organic food who bring suspicion into the buyer’s mind Rajeev Kohli of KVM organises 10 farmers markets across Punjab every week where 20-30 farmers come to sell their natural produce This is a good first step But how to scale it “Only when corporates who sell chemicals feel organic is important and profitable only then will the change come” he said Ahuja remains hopeful He says awareness of the harm of indiscriminate use of pesticide is spreading far and wide and even people in his town Abohar (which he says is known as the second dirtiest in Punjab) take whatever organic produce he farms Maybe the corporates should pay heed The second bottleneck cited was the higher labour requirement for natural farming One way to avoid pesticides is to go in for multi-cropping but this means mechanised sowing and harvest become less economical Not using chemical pesticides means more labour for plucking out weeds Vashishth said that while his input costs almost halved with organic farming the requirement of labour was four times that required in chemical farming — a deal breaker in a state like Punjab where agricultural labour is hard to get Machinery rental companies can help here Investing in machinery for smaller plots may not make sense but renting might No easy answers but a suite of potential solutions As the tiny particles from the burnt straw in Punjab and Haryana enters the lungs of the children in our nation’s capital one thing is clear: we need to solve this problem More than 30 million tonnes of straw stand to be burned in these two states That’s a lot of smoke I will conclude with a provocative thought: We are subsidising the farmers to burn by providing subsidies on water fertiliser and MSPs all of which makes the rice crop far larger than market forces would have allowed Transferring some part of this subsidy to a “straw-harvest” subsidy could help align the financial incentives of both farmer and the sufferers of the air pollution There are no easy answers but focussing on scalable solutions rather than bans is where a meaningful conversation could start The writer is the founder of the Sundaram Climate Institute cleantech angel investor teacher and author of a forthcoming book on Climate Change and India Follow her work on herwebsite; onTwitter; or write to her [email protected] A high MSP for paddy and subsidised fertiliser also need to bear their share of the blame for promoting paddy cultivation.

among other things, rubbished the infamous 28 April, their support base and perhaps even for the democratic institution they represent, is and will always be an? The filmmakers have announced that the film will release in August this year. download Indian Express App More Related NewsWritten by Manoj Kumar R | Bengaluru | Updated: April 17.

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