Back to overview,Home naval-today USS Momsen Captain Relived of Duties View post tag: Relived Authorities April 29, 2011 The commander of a guided-missile destroyer has been relieved of command while the Navy investigates allegations of misconduct…(seattlepi)[mappress]Source: seattlepi, April 29, 2011; View post tag: USS View post tag: Naval View post tag: Captain View post tag: Momsen Share this article View post tag: Navy View post tag: Duties USS Momsen Captain Relived of Duties View post tag: News by topic
View post tag: News by topic View post tag: Navy Training & Education View post tag: Evolution Sailors attached to USS Theodore Roosevelt’s (CVN 71) Aircraft Intermediate Maintenance Department (AIMD) and Weapons Department conducted load testing on aerial equipment, Dec. 11.The testing helps prepare Sailors for operational conditions during the ship’s last year of refueling complex overhaul (RCOH). The testing included the loading of an AOQ-99 jamming pod and an AWW-13 data pod using a hoist. The equipment has not been used since TR first entered RCOH at Newport News Shipbuilding in August 2009.“Today, we demonstrated how to operate the equipment that the shipyard has provided to us,” said Master Chief Aircraft Maintenanceman (AW/SW) Steve Newman. “We have a new configuration in our mezzanine – it’s more user-friendly and safer for our Sailors to use. We sent our Sailors to the USS Harry S. Truman (CVN 75) to gain experience in our rate, but this is the first time we have used this equipment since 2009.”Aviation Electronics Technician 1st Class (AW) Amy Ricker of AIMD, one of the leading Sailors who participated, is one of the few Sailors in the evolution with experience in working the equipment.“We load tested our hoist and made sure our systems were working, which include the rails and storage racks,” said Ricker. “This test was necessary so that, when we become operational, everything is in working order. We did as well as we could with what we currently have, and with many of our Sailors having little to no experience being in the shipyards and not out to sea. We did great.”Because this evolution was the first exercise with AIMD equipment for many of the Sailors aboard, the testing was another big step for TR as the ship gets closer to rejoining the fleet.“This was my first experience working in any aspect of my rate as an Aviation Electronics Technician,” said Aviation Electronics Technician Airman Adrienne Atkinson of AIMD. “It’s great because I’m learning what I will be doing out at sea, and I think I did pretty awesome for my first time. For now, I have to read up on my rate and get qualified, so I can do this when our ship becomes operational, and when my time comes.”It was a good day for Sailors attached to AIMD and Weapons, according to Newman.“Yesterday, we were Sailors rehabbing spaces and doing shipyard work,” said Newman. “Today, we were AIMD Sailors. This evolution shows who we really are and what we can do out to sea, and I’m pretty stoked about that.”[mappress]Naval Today Staff, December 13, 2012; Image: US Navy USS Theodore Roosevelt’s AIMD, Weaopns Department Conduct Equipment Testing Evolution Back to overview,Home naval-today USS Theodore Roosevelt’s AIMD, Weaopns Department Conduct Equipment Testing Evolution View post tag: Department View post tag: AIMD View post tag: Theodore View post tag: Roosevelt’s View post tag: Naval View post tag: testing View post tag: conduct December 13, 2012 View post tag: Weaopns View post tag: USS View post tag: equipment Share this article
By Donald WittkowskiOcean City will reluctantly stick with the construction company overseeing a troubled $6.5 million drainage project instead of fighting it out in court or trying to remove the contractor from the job.City officials said litigation against the lead contractor, A.E. Stone Inc., could prove risky, including the possibility that the company would respond by seeking a court injunction to shut down the project.“Litigation may not work in the city’s favor,” Councilman Keith Hartzell said.While a lawsuit against A.E. Stone doesn’t appear likely, Hartzell added that the city continues to pressure the company to complete the overdue construction as quickly as possible.“I think we’re at the point that A.E. Stone knows we’re serious,” Hartzell said.Hartzell and other city officials strongly criticized the company during a town meeting Saturday attended by about 100 residents of the Fourth Ward, the part of town where the drainage project is being built between 28th and 34th streets.During a town meeting Saturday, Councilmen Bob Barr, left, and Keith Hartzell had harsh words for the contractor overseeing the delayed drainage project.Although most of the meeting Saturday focused on the city’s preliminary plan to develop a comprehensive flood-control strategy for the Fourth Ward between 36th and 59th streets, city officials used part of the forum to express their frustration with A.E. Stone.“They’re behavior is pathetic,” Fourth Ward Councilman Bob Barr said.Responding to complaints from residents about the project’s slow pace and disruptions, Barr has been particularly outspoken in his criticism of the company in the past few months. He believes the city should never hire A.E. Stone again for any other construction project.However, Barr said the “last thing” the city wants to do is become involved in protracted litigation against A.E. Stone that could bring the drainage work in the Fourth Ward to an abrupt halt.Instead, the city is looking at the possibility of invoking lateness penalties incorporated in the construction contract to pressure the company, officials said.In his weekly message posted on the city’s website, Mayor Jay Gillian said his administration continues to meet with A.E. Stone and its subcontractors to get the project finished. Gillian noted that the contractors are supposed to give him a detailed timeline this week for the remainder of the project.Vince Bekier, aide to the mayor, told residents at Saturday’s meeting that Gillian remains as frustrated as anyone else in the city over A.E. Stone’s work performance.“If we could eliminate them as this contractor, believe me, this mayor would,” Bekier said.In an extraordinary public admonishment, Bekier said he simply can no longer believe what A.E. Stone tells him about completing the project.“I’m not confident in relying on anything they tell me right now,” he said.A.E. Stone officials were not available for comment Sunday. The company did not return previous phone messages left by OCNJDaily.com at A.E. Stone’s corporate headquarters in Egg Harbor Township seeking comment.At the intersection of 30th Street and Haven Avenue, construction has begun on one of the pumping stations that will help ease flooding in the neighborhood.As the project has dragged on, months behind schedule, city officials have become less and less certain in saying when it may finally be done.Characterizing it as an encouraging sign, Bekier said a new project manager “who seems more motivated” has just taken charge of the construction for A.E. Stone.The drainage project started promising enough when it got underway last year. The goal was to dramatically reduce the amount of flooding that plagues the surrounding neighborhoods.The construction zone encompasses the blocks from 28th to 34th streets between West Avenue and Bay Avenue. Simpson and Haven avenues serve as the spines of the project.City officials had originally thought construction would be finished by Memorial Day weekend, just in time for the start of the bustling summer tourism season. However, homeowners had to endure ripped-up streets, detours and noisy construction equipment invading their neighborhoods through much of the summer.With a crucial part of the project still not finished, Bekier said the best guess is for construction to wrap up by the end of the year.“We’re hoping by the end of the year, but I can’t make that guarantee,” he said.After being ripped up for months for drainage work, the roads have been repaved between 28th and 34th streets.Construction consists of three major parts, including repaving the streets, installing new drainage pipes to replace some that are 40 to 60 years old and building four pumping stations.The pumping stations will help remove storm water from the flood-prone neighborhoods and channel it to drainage pipes leading to the bay.Contractors recently installed the drainage pipes and repaved the roads, but still must build the pumping stations. Work will continue through the summer on the pumping stations. Two stations located at 30th Street and Haven Avenue and next to the Ocean City Municipal Airport parking lot are in place and the equipment is being installed.Work on a pumping station and pipeline on airport property at the end of 28th Street will be next, followed by construction on the final pumping station adjacent to Clubhouse Lagoon off Bayland Drive, according to a project update on the city’s website. A “Road Closed” sign and barrier at the intersection of 32nd Street and Haven Avenue show that construction is not yet completed.
A chicken and pistachio sandwich made by a chef from Lebanon was named the ‘best sandwich in the world’ at the recent Délifrance International Sandwich Competition, which was held at Lyon’s Sandwich and Snack Show.Six nations competed for the title at the international final of the Délifrance Sandwich World Cup, with Samer Baaklini of Lebanon scooping the top prize for his chicken and pistachio ‘sablet’ on ciabatta bread.During the competition, chefs from France, Germany, Sweden, Lebanon, Belgium and the UK were asked to demonstrate the creation of a sandwich using Délifrance bread that was original, nutritional, quick and easy to prepare.The UK’s represetnative Ian Jones, senior sous chef at the Marriott Hotel and Country Club in Worsley Park, came fourth with a focaccia filled with crab meat, fresh mayonnaise and watercress.Ian Dobbie, MD of Délifrance UK, said: “The competition this year was incredibly high and we are extremely proud of Ian and his impressive performance in front of a panel of highly acclaimed judges and television cameras. The Lebanon entry already holds the HORECA 2009 title for Most Creative Sandwich in the Middle East so we were beaten by a worthy opponent and look forward to 2013.”The UK has twice held the global title of ‘best sandwich maker in the world’ – in 2005 with Birmingham chef Edward Antonini’s exotic spicy American chicken panini and in 2009 Exeter chef Seth Ward clinched the title with his Rustic Ruby sandwich.
The Swansea and Neath Port Talbot areas have much to look forward to – not just because of the exciting City Deal projects transforming the region. The Harbourside and Innovation Centre are fantastic examples of investments that will deliver sustainable employment, regenerating the entire area and supporting the growth of new businesses, which will take the region in an exciting new technology-led direction. ENDS Swansea University is leading the charge in delivering exciting City Deal projects which will transform the region, delivering high-quality employment and world-leading technologies. The UK Government is working hard to encourage the City Deal region to capitalise on its reputation as leaders in the fields of innovation, research and development and energy. With this existing strength, it is crucial that the area is empowered to take the reins and make decisions to support economic growth, boost employment and attract investment right across the region. The Secretary of State will also visit the Harbourside site in Port Talbot, which aims to boost employment in the research and development field.The former disused steel and tin-plate works in the docks area of Port Talbot is home to the Harbourside Business Park, occupied by TWI, TATA Steel and Thyssen Krupp. It is hoped that Neath Port Talbot College will develop a £28m campus on the site in 2019.The Welsh Secretary will also visit the Baglan Bay Innovation Centre, which focuses on developing businesses in the energy, innovation and technology fields.The Centre is home to the Project SPECIFIC, an academic and industrial consortium led by Swansea University with strategic industrial partners Tata Steel, BASF and NSG Pilkington, developing functional coatings that will transform the roofs and walls of buildings into surfaces that generate, store and release energy.Swansea University’s SPECIFIC Innovation and Knowledge Centre was recently awarded £800,000 of UK Government investment to develop the UK’s first energy-positive office.Alun Cairns will see the proposed site for the Swansea Bay Technology Centre at Baglan Energy Park, aimed to support and encourage the growth of start-ups and indigenous businesses, with a focus on the innovation and research and development sectors in particular the growing energy sector.Secretary of State for Wales Alun Cairns added: Secretary of State for Wales Alun Cairns will visit innovative projects at the heart of the Swansea Bay Region City Deal technology revolution later today (11 January).The Welsh Secretary will hear about the future of steel and how digital manufacturing can increase competition and create globally networked systems at Swansea University’s Bay Campus.Swansea University, in partnership with Neath Port Talbot, Tata and other commercial partners is working to catalyse the ambition of the Fabian Way Innovation corridor and show Swansea Bay residents the regeneration opportunities presented by the City Deal, by grouping three world-leading projects together, including the UK National Steel Innovation Centre and Astute Factory of the Future.Secretary of State for Wales Alun Cairns said:
It has been an absolute pleasure to meet the talented and hardworking teachers at St Andrew’s and meet school children benefiting from a school which is inspiring them to make the most of their lives. Up and down the country, schools like St Andrew’s are raising educational standards for our young people and helping the government to deliver on its bold reforms. There are 1.9 million more children in good or outstanding schools than in 2010 and our pupils are now amongst the world’s best readers. I want to make sure everyone in this country gets a world-class education and look forward to visiting more nurseries, schools, colleges and universities to see for myself some of the excellent progress being made and what more needs to be done. Standards in primary schools are rising across the country, with latest national assessment results in reading, writing and maths up 8 percentage points on last year and 154,000 more six-year-olds now on track to become fluent readers than in 2012.The school is also part of a high-performing multi-academy trust, which has 86% of schools rated good or outstanding. 1.9 million more children are now in good or outstanding schools than in 2010, and a record nine out of ten schools were given this rating at their last inspection. Fenland and East Cambridgeshire is one of twelve areas receiving a share of £72million pounds to help create opportunities and raise education standards in parts of the country where children and young people face greater challenges. Damian Hinds met with pupils and teachers at a primary school in Cambridgeshire today (11 January) during his first visit as Secretary of State for Education.Mr Hinds was given a tour of St Andrew’s Church of England Primary School in Soham, one of nearly 19,000 good or outstanding schools across the country, which included watching pupils taking lessons. Pupils in Year 5 showed him around the school library and asked him about the world of politics, ahead of a forthcoming visit they have to the Houses of Parliament.St Andrew’s – which is in Fenland and East Cambridgeshire, one of the Department for Education’s twelve Opportunity Areas – has a strong focus on encouraging every child to realise their potential and raising standards. Recent results have shown pupils are above average for reading.Education Secretary Damian Hinds said:
The Parole Board welcomes the announcement from the Secretary of State that legal aid is to be reinstated for pre-tariff reviews for indeterminate sentence prisoners before the Parole Board. The Statutory Instrument bringing this work back into scope for legal aid was Laid before Parliament on 21 December 2017.The Statutory Instrument can be read here.We will be looking at how best to support prisoners affected by this in respect to their individual circumstances.
Harvard President Drew Faust called for members of the scientific community to “raise our voices” in an effort to prevent the U.S. Congress from becoming “an American Association for the Retreat of Science,” when she addressed a gathering of educators, engineers, science leaders, and policymakers in Boston on Thursday.Faust delivered her remarks during the annual meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), the world’s largest and one of its most influential organizations devoted to advancing science, engineering, and innovation.“We must secure the federal research support critical to the future of our nation and of the world,” said Faust, one of the co-chairs of this year’s AAAS meeting on the theme of “The Beauty and Benefits of Science.”Faust’s remarks came as the nation braces for the impact of looming sequestration, a sequence of drastic federal budget cuts that are scheduled to take effect at the beginning of March unless Congress acts to avert them.According to AAAS President William H. Press, sequestration would dramatically affect every field of scientific research. “If the sequester kicks in on March 1, there’s immediately going to be $54 billion over five years in cuts to federal support of science,” said Press. “If the sequester is avoided … it’s important that we make the case that science should be on the investment side of the ledger.”In her remarks, Faust harkened back to the first Boston meeting of the AAAS in 1880. Then, American astronomer Asaph Hall, who began his research career at the Harvard College Observatory and went on to discover the moons of Mars, told the crowd that he was often asked, “Of what use is astronomy?” Faust said that, to Hall, astronomy and science in general were vital to “the tradition of breaking paths and of seeking truth.”Recent genomic and computational revolutions, along with key findings in other fields, “make this an age that rivals the 17th century’s scientific revolution in its promise for new understanding and human betterment,” said Faust. “It would be worse than a tragedy to waste this moment full of promise, to leave answerable questions unanswered. It is all of our responsibility to ensure that this does not happen.”Faust’s remarks were reinforced by William Chin, executive dean for research at Harvard Medical School (HMS) during a press conference with Boston Mayor Thomas M. Menino and U.S. Sen. Elizabeth Warren (D-Mass.) on Monday.Highlighting the potential impact of sequestration, Menino said that people’s health, as well Boston’s center as an innovation hub, could be threatened if Congress fails to act.“The research these scientists do is mind-blowing, and the idea that Congress could slash their funding next month is mind-boggling,” said Menino. “The doctors who have joined us [at this press conference] have made it their life’s work to improve people’s lives. I hope in coming days we can say the same about Congress.”Chin told the press conference that basic research would be put at risk.“We don’t know the causes of many diseases,” said Chin. “Why an apparent single disease reveals itself in different ways is still a mystery. It is basic research, complementing translational and clinical studies, that builds a foundation of deep understanding to permit such answers.“We need to maintain our ability to do basic research,” he added. “We need to commit to let our scientists continue to imagine deeply.”Faust’s speech at the AAAS meeting followed similar comments in December when she appeared at a Center for American Progress event in Washington, D.C. Faust then told the crowd of diplomatic, business, and policy leaders it was important that “we not limit science support to what we can discover tomorrow, but that we allow people to ask big questions that will set the foundation for discoveries in generations to come.”During his keynote address, Press, who served as deputy director for science and technology at Los Alamos National Laboratory, as professor of astronomy and physics at Harvard, and as a member of the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, argued that science is not only beautiful but that it leads to “technology and economic growth.”In the face of severe funding cuts and an increasing trend toward funding shortfalls for basic research, the scientific community, said Press, needs to make that case “more powerfully” and “in a more sophisticated way.”Part of that sophisticated argument includes promoting vital research hubs, areas such as California’s Silicon Valley and the Boston area’s Route 128 corridor, that spring up around “great research universities,” said Press. “Research universities, and the industries that they engender, are able to make the benefits of science appropriable to the taxpayers in the countries, in the regions, who pay for it.”In addition, said Press, scientists need to persuade investors to support research as an ongoing, public good.We need to “convince the American public that what we do is a single, unified, long-term enterprise in which basic science and applied science leading to products and new industries is a single, unified enterprise … altruistic, idealistic, and also economic.”
Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the tri-campus community will be engaging in distance learning for the rest of the semester.Online classes for Notre Dame officially began Monday. While all disciplines face challenges in adjusting to remote learning, courses with hands-on components face great difficulties in adjusting to online classes.Dean of the School of Architecture Michael Lykoudis said that while professors are choosing whether to record lectures for or hold Zoom classes, the design classes prove more of a challenge.Architecture students will receive a full suite of design materials so they can complete their projects from home, which third-year architecture student Leighton Douglass said in an email was “the best thing” the school has provided and will be extremely helpful for staying on track with the curriculum.In terms of architecture studio classes, students hand-drawing their projects will be able to send their projects to professors by scanning or photographing the work and sending it to the faculty member. Digital projects will also be sent to professors for remote feedback. “In both cases, students will be able to show this to faculty virtually and what they’re working on, the faculty, as they usually do, simply comment on the projects and tell them how to modify it and how to change it,” Lykoudis said.The College of Engineering is also adjusting courses, specifically lab classes, so they can be completed online, assistant dean for advising and academic affairs in the College of Engineering Michael Ryan said in an email. While lecture classes will be administered using a mix of pre-recorded lectures and live Zoom sessions, lab classes will be altered as well.“Most lab courses will be completed by the instructors recording the experiment and collecting the data which will be distributed to the class,” Ryan said. “The students will be required to watch the lab experiment, analyze the data, conduct analysis and then submit lab reports on their analysis and conclusions.”Studio art courses have also had to adjust to remote classes. Chairperson for the studio art department Richard Gray said professors have modified their courses to be compatible with online learning.“All studio art and design faculty have recently developed solutions to translate their courses to online learning. They have modified their projects, and in some cases come up with completely new projects.”These solutions include completing projects with do-it-yourself materials for sculpture and ceramics classes available at home and submitting drawings and photographs remotely, as well as both synchronous and recorded lectures, Gray said. Critiques may be completed over Sakai forums in some cases.Senior thesesMany seniors have been working on theses or capstone projects which require an in-person component. Ryan, Gray and Lykoudis said remote learning will not affect the completion of senior theses.“Every instructor has identified a path forward for each senior design course/theses to be completed — thereby completing degree requirements and [allowing] graduation in May,” Ryan said.While studio art theses would usually be displayed in the Snite Museum of Art, faculty are working on an online solution to honor the work of senior art majors.“With the museum closed, we are developing an online gallery website to feature all senior thesis work,” Gray said. “That website build is underway and being coordinated by faculty and office staff. We hope [to] launch the site in late April to celebrate their projects and their graduation.”Because most of the research for senior architecture theses has been completed, Lykoudis said seniors should be able to finish their projects using online critiques similar to other studio classes.“I imagine there’s a condensing of efforts that has to happen, and I’m not saying the two would never be affected, but they should be able to finish this like everyone else,” he said.Materials for hands-on classesJunior chemical engineering major Bev Watson said she was able to return to Notre Dame prior to campus closing down, but she has also received materials from some professors that she was not able to get in person. “[For] one of our classes, the professor is also sending us a small device that we use for some of our different coding stuff,” she said. “And since I was able to pack everything up, I have all of my materials, but I know that’s been a struggle for some people.”Sophomore Samantha Monahan said though one of her art classes can be completed through Adobe, the other requires many materials — including paints, paper and other tools. “I was lucky enough to bring a limited amount of these materials home with me prior to campus closing, but nothing could replicate the availability that one has to these required materials while working in a studio,” she said in an email.Gray said art professors have come up with solutions for the lack of physical materials.“Some faculty are getting very creative by specifying [DIY] materials found at home,” Gray said. “Others have created materials lists for the students to purchase those art supplies online. The department is reimbursing students for the cost of materials they purchase to complete the course.”Douglass, who was in Rome last semester and the first part of spring semester, said she left many of her supplies for architecture in Italy as the students only 36 hours to pack and leave the country.“The School was great about scanning our projects that they found and sending them to us for our reference when it comes to continuing the projects,” she said. “What we really need are our large drafting boards, something most of us do not have access to because they are a couple hundred dollars each. Instead of using these, our studio professors came up with a different set of required drawings for us to complete our projects since we can no longer hand-draft our projects.”‘Detracting from Notre Dame education:’ Challenges of distance learningThough he expects to complete his classes successfully, junior computer engineering student Jake Huber said remote learning was not what he originally envisioned from his time at Notre Dame. “I certainly think it’s sort of detracting from the Notre Dame education because I’m not quite sure I’m getting much of the Notre Dame education online since there are recordings for lectures and stuff like that,” he said. “I think in terms of classes, … I’ll finish the classes and still move on. In terms of how much I’ve learned and how effectively I’ve learned, I think it’ll be a little bit detracted from [that].”Huber said he usually attends office hours for help with homework several times a week, but online classes have changed this routine.“I think one of the things that’s kind of affected me a little bit is there’s less undergraduate TAs available now since we’re all online,” he said. “A lot of the questions and help is all with the professor, which is just a little bit different, I guess. But for the most part, it seemed like they have tried to do a pretty good job of being available.”Watson said in-person collaboration with peers and colleagues is important to the college experience, and she will miss that during this time of online classes.“I definitely think it’ll be harder to master the material,” she said. “Part of the reason you go to university is that you’re also surrounded by a lot of people driven towards the same goal as you at that time. It’s kind of hard to be motivated in that same way when you’re at home. I think it’s going to be difficult to master this material that is crucial to some of the culminating classes that we’ll take senior year. But I think all the professors are putting in a lot of effort to try to help it be as seamless as possible. So hopefully, that pays off in the long run, and there’s not a huge discrepancy.”Douglass said in-person studio classes are important for architecture students because of the hand-drawn projects they work on, which proves difficult when trying to communicate remotely.“We don’t talk to them for the entire four hours, of course, but it is extremely beneficial to always have a professor around to ask any questions that may pop up,” she said. “A lot of the questions we have, too, are on paper and require us to point and draw things to explain, which is extremely difficult to do with a computer. The School of Architecture has come up with different ways to deal with this.”Monahan said in-person critique is a crucial part of any studio art class or project.“While there are a plethora of options for ways in which students can send projects into a faculty member remotely, it is impossible to replicate the view the faculty member would get if they were face-to-face with a student’s work,” she said. “Each faculty member that I’ve come into contact with so far has made themselves more than available to provide feedback to students; nonetheless, the feedback that students could receive from faculty if their work was being viewed in person is in an entirely different stratosphere.” Faculty members said they have been impressed by the work of their colleagues as they adjust to remote learning during this time.“We face an unprecedented time and have been asked to do unprecedented work,” Gray said. “That said, I have been incredibly impressed with the innovative solutions and speed with which our faculty have adapted their studio-based maker courses to online instruction. It’s clearly not [ideal], but it does present some interesting possibilities.”Lykoudis said that though the situation has presented a challenge for the School of Architecture, faculty have risen to the occasion.“We’re trying to make it as smooth as possible for our students and for our faculty to teach,” he said. “Everyone is trying to catch the many balls in the air, and I’m very proud of our IT department for creating this suite for our students to work remotely and also get our faculty to teach virtually, remotely as well.”Tags: College of Engineering, COVID-19, Online classes, remote learning, School of Architecture, studio art
IHS Markit: Europe added 23GW of new solar capacity in 2019 FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailPrint分享Renewables Now:Europe added roughly 23 GW of new solar power generation capacity in 2019, up 88% year-on-year, according to preliminary calculations by IHS Markit.The near doubling of capacity additions was the result of a combination of favourable macro conditions, including a further reduction of photovoltaic (PV) module prices which boosted the cost competitiveness of solar energy, renewed growth in the utility-scale segment driven by tenders and power purchase agreements (PPAs), steady growth of distributed PV and a broadening of the number of large-solar markets, particularly in Eastern Europe, IHS Markit says in an overview.More than 19 markets in Europe should have topped 1 GW of capacity by the end of 2019.“Overall the European solar market is moving towards a new level of maturity and growth trajectory driven beyond rich subsidies. Increasingly, it will be driven by market fundamentals such as increasing interest from corporates, utilities and off-takers considering solar as a cost competitive energy generation source”, the market research firm said.Demand in 2019 mainly came from the top-four PV markets of Germany, Spain, Ukraine and Netherlands. These are expected to report 13 GW of combined installations, or 60% of the European total for the year. Growth in the future, in addition to these four markets, is also seen to come from Portugal, Italy, France, the UK, Poland, Hungary and Turkey.[Tsvetomira Tsanova]More: Solar installs in Europe jump by 88% in 2019 – IHS Markit